21 September 1866 – 13 August 1946 (Aged 79)
Wells was a prolific English writer.
He is most renowned for his influential science fiction novels, such as ‘War of the Worlds’, ‘The Invisible Man’, and ‘The Time Machine’.
The esteem in which his work was held saw Wells nominated for the Nobel Prize in Literature four times.
Wells suffered as a diabetic throughout his life, and, in 1934, co-founded The Diabetic Association charity.
Wells died of what is thought to have been a heart attack at the age of 79.
(German Air Force Commander)
12 January 1893 – 15 October 1946 (Aged 53)
Göring was one of the leading members of the German Nazi party, who was the commander of the Luftwaffe (Air Force), as well as the founder of the Gestapo.
Göring had been a decorated fighter pilot during World War I, going on to work as a commercial pilot, before joining the Nazi party.
Göring was the highest-ranking member of the party to stand trial in the Nuremberg Trials, where he was sentenced to death by hanging.
However, he committed suicide by cyanide the night before his execution.
John Maynard Keynes
5 June 1883 – 21 April 1946 (Aged 62)
Keynes was a hugely influential British economist.
His Keynesian economic theories had a hugely influential effect on the economic policies pursued by governments around the world during the early to mid 20th century.
In the aftermath of World War II, Western countries adopted many policy proposals by Keynes.
Time magazine recognized Keynes as one of the Most Important People of the 20th Century.
Keynes died of a heart attack at the age of 62.
31 March 1878 – 10 June 1946 (aged 68)
Johnson was the first African American world heavyweight boxing champion in the world (1908-1915), at the peak of the Jim Crow era in America.
He was nicknamed the ‘Galveston Giant’ and was the most famous African American in the world at the height of his career.
Johnson’s fight with James J. Jeffries, in 1910, was dubbed the fight of the century. African Americans celebrating Johnson’s victory were attacked in riots across the states, while a small number were lynched by white supremacists.
Johnson was renowned for his showmanship and flamboyant lifestyle, which incensed white racists of the time.
He would serve as an inspiration for other black boxers, particularly Muhammad Ali, who often name-checked him.
Incredibly, Johnson continued to fight until 1945, long past his glory days. He died in a car accident at the age of 68.
In 1954, he was inducted into the Boxing Hall of Fame.
John Logie Baird
14 August 1888 – 14 June 1946 (Aged 57)
Baird was a Scottish inventor.
He is known for demonstrating the world’s first working television system, in January 1926, and the first color television system, in 1928.
Also in that year, the Baird Television Development Company achieved the first transatlantic television transmission.
Logie Baird died after suffering from a stroke at the age of 57.
In 2015, Baird was inducted into the Scottish Engineering Hall of Fame.