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Joseph Pulitzer


10 April 1847 – 29 October 1911 (Aged 64)

Born in Makó, Hungary. Died in Charleston, South Carolina.

Pulitzer was a Hungarian-American journalist and newspaper editor.

He became one of the most powerful people in the industry, as well as becoming a leading figure in the Democratic Party.

He was elected to the House of Representatives but only served for one year due to pressure in his journalistic role.

The Pulitzer Prize was established in 1917, in his honor, recognizing excellence in journalism, literature, poetry, history, music, and drama.

Charlotte E. Ray

(Lawyer/Rights Activist)

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13 January 1850 – 4 January 1911 (Aged 60)

Born in New York City, New York. Died in Woodside, New York.

In 1872, Ray was known as the first female African-American lawyer in the United States.

Ray was also the first woman admitted to practice before the Supreme Court of the District of Columbia and became involved in the women’s suffrage movement.

Ellen Richards


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3 December 1842 – 30 March 1911 (Aged 68)

Born in Dunstable, Massachusetts. Died in Jamaica Plain, Massachusetts.

Richards was a pioneer in the field of sanitary engineering, her work and research led to her founding the home economics movement.

She was the first woman in America accepted into any school of science and technology.