25 December 1899 – 14 January 1957 (Aged 57)
Bogart was an American actor who became a Hollywood legend following his roles in iconic films, such as Casablanca, The African Queen, and The Maltese Falcon, for which he won an Academy Award.
During his career, Bogart starred in over 70 films and was named the greatest male movie star of all time by the American Film Institute, in 1999.
Bogart was married four times, the last and longest of these was to actress Lauren Bacall, with whom he co-starred in a number of films.
He died of cancer of the oesophagus at the age of 57.
14 November 1908 – 2 May 1957 (Aged 48)
McCarthy was an American senator who became synonymous as he led a crusade to unearth communists who had allegedly infiltrated the federal government during the 1950s.
In his role as chairman of the Senate’s subcommittee on investigations, McCarthy dominated the political landscape in 1950’s America. His often unfounded accusations led to the coining of the term ‘McCarthyism’.
His influence began to wane during a televised 36-day hearing when he was discredited as lacking decency by the special counsel to the army, Joseph Nye Welch.
He was also called out in a feature by Edward R. Murrow on his show ‘See It Now’. In December 1954, the Senate voted to censure McCarthy, after which he fell out of the public eye.
He died a few years later in Bethesda Naval Hospital, Maryland, as a result of acute hepatitis, also thought to have been compounded by his alcoholism.
Laura Ingalls Wilder
7 February 1867 – 10 February 1957 (Aged 90)
Wilder was an American writer and was also seen as one of America’s first libertarians.
She is best known for her children’s series Little House on the Prairie, which was released between 1932 and 1943.
In her later years, Wilder suffered declining health, with diabetes and cardiac issues, before dying three days after her 90th birthday.
(U.S. Law Enforcement)
19 April 1903 – 16 May 1957 (Aged 54)
Ness was an American law enforcement agent.
He is best known for being head of a group known as The Untouchables, charged with bringing down Al Capone’s bootlegging activities during Prohibition in Chicago.
Following the end of Prohibition in 1933, Ness achieved further success in his career before an unsuccessful 1947 run for mayor of Cleveland saw sparked a downward spiral.
Ness died from a heart attack with his exploits largely forgotten.
However, The Untouchables, a book he co-authored, was published the year he died, and this, along with a tv series and film of the same name, saw his reputation grow again.
21 January 1905 – 23 October 1957 (Aged 52)
Dior was a French fashion designer who, in the aftermath of World War II, founded what has become one of the world’s great fashion houses.
During the war, Dior had worked with Lucien Lelong where they designed dresses for the wives of Nazi officers and French collaborators.
At the same time, his younger sister, Catherine, worked with the French resistance, until she was caught and sent to Ravensbruck concentration camp by the Gestapo.
Dior died at the age of 52 after suffering his third heart attack.
26 September 1902 – 25 October 1957 (Aged 55)
Anastasia was an infamous Italian-American mob boss, who came to be one of the most feared and powerful mobsters of the 20th century.
Anastasia was one of the founder members of the notorious Murder Inc. and was boss of what came to be the Gambino crime family.
In 1957, allegedly under the orders of his underboss, Carlo Gambino, Anastasia was gunned down in a barber’s shop by two masked men.
Those responsible were never caught.