(Women’s Rights Activist)
7 May 1919 – 26 July 1952 (Aged 33)
Perón was the second wife of Argentinian Prime Minister Juan Perón, serving as First Lady from 1946 until her death.
Eva was born into a poor family and had dreams of becoming an actress, before meeting her future husband, Juan.
Perón used her new status to work tirelessly to promote women’s rights, as well as being a champion of the working class.
She died of cancer at the young age of 33.
Perón is seen as an icon in the country’s history to the present day, with her rise from humble beginnings to a legendary figure in the fight to change the lives of women, and those less well off.
31 August 1870 – 6 May 1952 (Aged 81)
Montessori was an Italian physician and educator who became a hugely influential innovator in the field of education.
To this day, schools around the world follow her teaching methods, with many bearing her name.
In 1952, Montessori died of a cerebral hemorrhage at the age of 81.
Maria Montessori and Montessori schools have featured on coins and banknotes in Italy, and on stamps of the Netherlands, India, Italy, Maldives, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka.
14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952 (Aged 56)
George VI was the King of the United Kingdom from 1936 until his death, with his coronation taking place in May 1937.
During his reign he supported Winston Churchill during World War II, with a famous speech he gave portrayed in the film, ‘The King’s Speech’.
George’s reign also saw the fall of the British Empire, with Ireland officially becoming a Republic, while India and Pakistan gained independence.
He died of a heart attack at the age of 56, with his eldest daughter Elizabeth succeeding him to the throne, becoming Queen Elizabeth II.
20 October 1859 – 1 June 1952 (Aged 92)
Dewey was an influential American educational and social reformer.
His proliferation of published writings promoting ideas for the betterment of every individual, and society as a whole.
Dewey’s ideas and writings with regard to his philosophy of pragmatism, and functional psychology are often cited and remain hugely important to this day.
10 June 1895 – 26 October 1952 (Aged 57)
McDaniel was a groundbreaking actress who became the first African-American to win an Academy Award in 1940, the Best Supporting Actress for her role as Mammy in Gone with the Wind.
Earlier in her career, McDaniel had become one of the first African-American women to perform on the radio during the 1920s.
She died of cancer at the age of 57 and was posthumously awarded two stars on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.